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The Sultanate is divided administratively into Four governorates, Muscat, Dhofar, Musandam and Al Buraimi and five regions, Al Batinah, Adh Dhahirah, Ad Dakhliyah, Ash Sharqiyah and Al Wusta. These governorates and regions consist of' Wilayats amounting to 61 in number. Each region has one or more regional center. The total regional centers amount to 12.

With a coastline of 1700km, Oman offers some of the cleanest, most stunning beaches a visitor could hope to see. Few beaches are private, except some attached to the beach resort hotels, or those adjoining military or official property. Weekend picnics and barbeques are popular on the beach. Many coves are perfect for snorkelling and with fairly gentle shelves, are good for children.

                             Khawr Najd

This lagoon is one of the largest in the Governorate of Musandam, and is from the word ‘help’ in Arabic. At times of distress, travellers and traders laid up there during bad weather conditions at sea.
Khawr Najd can be reached either by traditional sea vessels (4 hours) from Khasab through the Strait of Hormuz, or by four-wheel drives along a beautiful mountain road (30 minutes), overlooking panoramic views of the lagoon from a height of 420 metres, where the tourist can revel in majestic scenery of sea and mountain.

Kumzar Village

Is located in the far north of Musandam peninsula. It is accessible by motor boats (45 minutes). The village is a small spot surrounded by mountains and cliffs which appear to be about to fall into the sea. "Alkumzaris" speak a local dialect, believed to be a mixture of Arabic and other languages

Modern Muscat Today - Evening over Muscat Corniche with the Giant Incense Burner - Symbol of the Sultanate of Oman.

Muscat, the largest city as well as the capital of the Sultanate of Oman, is a sparkling jewel on the Arabian Peninsular. Being one of the oldest trade cities in the Middle East, Muscat has been widely known since the second century AD, and while today’s modern city bears little resemblance to its historic past, dotted around the barren landscape of Muscat are still ruins of old forts and villages, reminding us of the city’s long history.

Ash Sharqiyah coast

Of particular touristic interest is the Ash Sharqiyah coast, which includes the headlands of Ra's al-Hadd and Ra's al-Ghaima. The 42-km stretch of beachland between these two places is the most significant nesting ground in the Indian Ocean for green turtles. An estimated 20,000 turtles lay their clutches of 80 to 100 eggs for each female there annually. Oman's Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment and Water administers the site, which is one of the Sultanate's most important natural reserves.

Sur is located in the northern part of the Sharqiya coast in the Sultanate. It is constrained on the east side between the Arabian Sea on one side and the Gulf of Oman on the other

A'Sharqiyah Sands

A'Sharqiyah Sands are considered among the most beautiful camping areas in the Sultanate and extend over an area of up to about 10 thousand square kilometres.

The Sand colours range from red to brown as far as the eye can see. It is the original homeland of the Bedouins. This area attracts many desert adventure fans, and is preferred by visitors owing to its ease of accessibility and availability of nearby services, which make it a first class tourist attraction. Also, tourist camps that make the sands their home base offer a variety of services in this sea of golden sand and have played an important role in promoting A'Sharqiyah Sands.

 Al-Dimaniyat Islands Nature Reserve
The Dimaniyat Islands helped place Oman on the world dive map. This string of offshore islands North of Muscat has been placed under the protection of UNESCO and provides divers with pristine coral gardens, walls and abundant fish life. Various shark species are encountered here, including the black tip and leopard sharks.

Salalah is well-known for a beautiful sprawling coastline and its beaches bring in tourists from across the world every year. With a perfect climate for surfing, beach dwellers and nature lovers, the beaches of Oman are something to see. Monsoon season is the best time to visit Salalah and its beaches are no exception. During this time, you can get a welcome break from the heat and humidity and enjoy this beautiful region with ease and comfort.

Salalah is the second largest city in Oman and the capital of the Omani province of Dhofar. With a population of more than 175,000, the city is the traditional home of the Sultan of Oman, and is as rich with history as its hills are lush with tropical vegetation. Today, this southernmost city of Oman is home to large communities of residents from Sri Lanka, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh.

Salalah is a pretty town sitting on the coast of the Arabian Sea and features several historical monuments, ancient archeological ruins, stunning beaches and a rough, mountainous landscape. There are a few natural springs circumscribed by large gardens and parks in the region. Here are some super ideas to enjoy a pleasant family holiday in this eclectic Omani hotspot.

Mughsail Beach
One of the most popular beaches in Salalah, Mughsail Beach, has great waves and has an incredible blowhole that will erupt and blow water up to 100 feet when there is a strong pattern of waves. There is a great rock shelf here as well that makes walking along the beach and listening to the incessant crashing of the waves quite mesmerizing. The desert surrounds you here and there are some really stunning views to be had of the white sandy beaches and rugged cliffs and mountains. The beach here is near deserted and stretches for 8 kilometers, offering few amenities outside of water sports and one restaurant. A home to many kinds of migratory birds, Mughsail Beach is perfect for bird watching and there are often many camels here early in the morning.


Home to another deserted beach, the town of Rakhyut is further west of Salalah and close the Yemeni border. In this small town, the beach is perfect for a pleasant picnic and relaxing swim in the ocean. Surfing is popular here and elsewhere in Salalah, where the best times to take advantage of the monsoon swells from the Indian Ocean are on either side of the actual monsoon, either between May and June or September. If you do come here for surfing though, keep in mind that there will likely be no one else for miles on the beach, so take some necessary precautions when going surfing or doing other water sports especially if you will be alone.

Beach Activities in Salalah

Throughout much of the year, visitors flock to the unspoiled beaches of Salalah to enjoy a variety of water sports, including jet skiing, snorkeling, sailing, canoeing and scuba diving. There are many untouched coral reefs here that make for fascinating exploration and some really diverse marine life viewing. Water sports and other water activities can be arranged through the hotels located on the beach and in the city.

Dhofar is known for having many caves that attract tourists who love adventure and nature. The Dhofar Mountains are riddled with caves that add to the rich ecology and archeological attractions of the governorate.
Teiq sinkhole, which was discovered by a number of Slovenian adventurers, in collaboration with Sultan Qaboos University, is one of the biggest sinkholes in the world, about 975,000 cubic meters in size, (130-150 meters in diameter and about 211 meters deep). The sinkhole can accommodate 70-storey building.
Teiq cave is found on the top of the sinkhole. The 170,000 cubic meter in size cave, has 6 chimneys, the biggest of which is on the western entrance and wall. Mountain residents used caves as shelter for themselves and their animals as well.
Suhoor cave in Wadi Naheez, about 12.5 km from Salalah, is one of the limestone rock caves.
The ayoon (water springs) in Dhofar have many caves near to them, such as Itteen cave near Garzeez spa, which is the biggest in size in Garzeez Spa area. The cave is 10 km from Salalah and can be accessed through Salalah-Itteen main road.
Razat cave, one of the biggest attractions for residents and visitors, is in the middle of the mountain overlooking Ain Razat about 25 km from Salalah.
Wadi Darbat caves are also known for their natural arches and decorations. They are also unique in terms of the calcified sediments in the rood.
Bats or Hamran water spring cave has a large number of bats inside, located about 40 Km from Salalah.
Al Marneef cave in Al Mughsail area is one of the most beautiful caves and a major attraction for tourists and residents. The cave, about 40 km from Salalah, overlooks the sea.
The wilayats of Rakhyut and Dhalkut in the Governorate of Dhofar have a number of caves, such as Sharoot, Akhart, Hartoum, Shesaa, Mashloul, Asbeer.
Oman caves are part and parcel of the Omani natural and ecological heritage and tourist attractions.  

Khasab Castle

Omanis built the present Khasab Castle on the ruins of the old Castle constructed by the Portuguese in the eleventh century Hijri (the seventeenth century) where some parts of the old Castle are still visible through the circular tower that stands in the middle of the castle. The present castle has four strongholds.

Musandam’s largest city, Al Khasab, is jewel-like in the brilliant contrast between its vivid shades of blue, white, and green and the more subtle rainbow tones of the surrounding rock. The term Khasab refers to the fertility of the soil. The land around the city clearly sustains agriculture as evidenced by the bright green plant-covered land. Spots of green highlight other settlements along the coast. Man-made surfaces are pale blue and white. Fishing, agriculture, and ship building are the primary industries in Musandam, reports the government of Oman.


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